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Climate change and agricultural adaptation in Sri Lanka: a review

Esham, M. and Garforth, C. (2013) Climate change and agricultural adaptation in Sri Lanka: a review. Climate and Development, 5 (1). pp. 66-76. ISSN 1756-5537

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2012.762333


Climate change is inevitable and will continue into the next century. Since the agricultural sector in Sri Lanka is one of the most vulnerable to climate change, a thorough understanding of climate transition is critical for formulating effective adaptation strategies. This paper provides an overview of the status of climate change and adaptation in the agricultural sector in Sri Lanka. The review clearly indicates that climate change is taking place in Sri Lanka in terms of rainfall variability and an increase in climate extremes and warming. A number of planned and reactive adaptation responses stemming from policy and farm-level decisions are reported. These adaptation efforts were fragmented and lacked a coherent connection to the national development policies and strategies. Research efforts are needed to develop and identify adaptation approaches and practices that are feasible for smallholder farmers, particularly in the dry zone where paddy and other food crops are predominately cultivated. To achieve the envisaged growth in the agricultural sector, rigorous efforts are necessary to mainstream climate change adaptation into national development policies and ensure that they are implemented at national, regional and local levels.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Department of International Development
ID Code:30166
Uncontrolled Keywords:Agriculture, Adaptation, Climate Change, Impacts of climate change, Sri Lanka
Publisher:Taylor and Francis


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