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Spectral properties, iron oxide content and provenance of Namib dune sands

White, K., Walden, J. and Gumey, S. D. (2007) Spectral properties, iron oxide content and provenance of Namib dune sands. Geomorphology, 86 (3-4). pp. 219-229. ISSN 0169-555X

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This paper applies multispectral remote sensing techniques to map the Fe-oxide content over the entire Namib sand sea. Spectrometric analysis is applied to field samples to identify the reflectance properties of the dune sands which enable remotely sensed Fe-oxide mapping. The results indicate that the pattern of dune colour in the Namib sand sea arises from the mixing of at least two distinct sources of sand; a red component of high Fe-oxide content (present as a coating on the sand grains) which derives from the inland regions, particularly from major embayments into the Southern African escarpment; and a yellow coastal component of low Fe-oxide content which is brought into the area by northward-moving aeolian transport processes. These major provenances are separated by a mixing zone between 20 kin and 90 kin from the coast throughout the entire length of the sand sea. Previous workers have also recognised a third, fluvial, provenance, but the methodology applied here is not able to map this source as a distinct spectral component. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:3138
Uncontrolled Keywords:remote sensing iron oxides aeolian processes Namib sand sea TSONDAB SANDSTONE GRAIN-SIZE SEA DESERT SEDIMENTS COLOR
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