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Long duration stimuli and nonlinearities in the neural–haemodynamic coupling

Martindale, J., Berwick, J., Martin, C., Kong, Y., Zheng, Y. ORCID: and Mayhew, J. (2005) Long duration stimuli and nonlinearities in the neural–haemodynamic coupling. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 25 (5). pp. 651-661. ISSN 1559-7016

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1038/sj.jcbfm.9600060


Recent studies have shown that the haemodynamic responses to brief (<2 secs) stimuli can be well characterised as a linear convolution of neural activity with a suitable haemodynamic impulse response. In this paper, we show that the linear convolution model cannot predict measurements of blood flow responses to stimuli of longer duration (>2 secs), regardless of the impulse response function chosen. Modifying the linear convolution scheme to a nonlinear convolution scheme was found to provide a good prediction of the observed data. Whereas several studies have found a nonlinear coupling between stimulus input and blood flow responses, the current modelling scheme uses neural activity as an input, and thus implies nonlinearity in the coupling between neural activity and blood flow responses. Neural activity was assessed by current source density analysis of depth-resolved evoked field potentials, while blood flow responses were measured using laser Doppler flowmetry. All measurements were made in rat whisker barrel cortex after electrical stimulation of the whisker pad for 1 to 16 secs at 5 Hz and 1.2 mA (individual pulse width 0.3 ms).

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Department of Bio-Engineering
ID Code:33484
Uncontrolled Keywords:current source density; haemodynamics; impulse response; laser Doppler flowmetry; nonlinear; rat

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