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Biała Góra: the forgotten colony in the Medieval Pomeranian-Prussian borderlands

Pluskowski, A. ORCID:, Sawicki, Z., Shillito, L.-M., Badura, M., Makowiecki, D., Zabilska-Kunek, M., Seetah, K. and Brown, A. (2014) Biała Góra: the forgotten colony in the Medieval Pomeranian-Prussian borderlands. Antiquity, 88 (341). pp. 863-882. ISSN 0003-598X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1017/S0003598X00050742


Biała Góra 3 is a small settlement founded in the late twelfth or early thirteenth century AD in the disputed Christian borderlands of Northern Europe. The incorporation of Pomerania into the Polish state in the tenth century was followed by a process of colonisation across the lower Vistula valley, which then stalled before resuming in the thirteenth century under the Teutonic Order. Biała Góra 3 is unusual in falling between the two expansionist phases and provides detailed insight into the ethnicity and economy of this borderland community. Pottery and metalwork show strong links with both Pomeranian and German colonists, and caches of bricks and roof tiles indicate durable buildings of the kind associated with the monastic and military orders. Evidence for the presence of merchants suggests Biała Góra 3 was one of many outposts in the commercial network that shadowed the Crusades.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Archaeology
ID Code:35094
Publisher:Antiquity Publications

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