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Molecular forms of porphobilinogen deaminase in acute intermittent porphyria. A study by Western immunoblotting

Nunn, A. V.W., Gardner, L. C. and Cox, T. M. (1987) Molecular forms of porphobilinogen deaminase in acute intermittent porphyria. A study by Western immunoblotting. The Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 64 (243). pp. 589-99. ISSN 0033-5622

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Acute intermittent porphyria is an inborn error of haem synthesis which is transmitted as a dominant character with variable phenotypic expression. The disorder is caused by a partial deficiency of porphobilinogen deaminase in all tissues so far studied. The nature of the enzymatic deficiency of porphobilinogen deaminase in haemolysates from patients with acute intermittent porphyria was examined by the use of monospecific antibody probes. In affected heterozygotes from three British pedigrees of diverse ancestry, the catalytic deficiency of porphobilinogen deaminase was accompanied by diminished enzyme protein, as determined by radial immunodiffusion. No evidence of functionally attenuated enzyme was demonstrable by kinetic studies. The molecular forms of the residual enzyme were investigated in red cell extracts and in lysed preparations of reticulocytes by a sensitive Western blotting procedure. This revealed the presence of reduced amounts of porphobilinogen deaminase polypeptide co-migrating with wild type enzyme (Mr approximately 40,000), and no evidence of variant forms in situ. The studies show that porphobilinogen deaminase deficiency in acute intermittent porphyria is commonly associated with a CRM-phenotype. The residual activity under these circumstances is thus related to expression of a single normal allele, since sensitive techniques detected neither aberrant nor degraded forms of the enzyme in erythroid tissues.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
ID Code:35378
Publisher:Oxford Journals

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