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Energy supply, consumption and access dynamics in Botswana

Essah, E. A. ORCID: and Ofetotse, E. L. (2014) Energy supply, consumption and access dynamics in Botswana. Sustainable Cities and Society, 12. pp. 76-84. ISSN 2210-6707

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2014.01.006


The growing dependence on electricity for economic growth in all countries prompts the need to manage current resources for future sustainability. In today’s world, greater emphasis is placed on energy conservation for energy security and for the development of every economy. However, for some countries understanding the basic drivers to such achievements is farfetched. The research presented in this paper investigates the electricity generation and access potential for Botswana. In addition detailed documentation and 13 years energy consumption and generation trends are investigated. Using questionnaires and empirical studies the energy demand for the entire nation was estimated. From the research it was established that current energy generation trends account for 38- 39% of the country’s population with access to electricity. Considering the percentage rate of sector energy demand, the proposed total installed capacity of 1332 MW, would not meet the country's energy demand at 100% access. The likely consequence of the lack of adequate supply would cumulate to significant increase of imports and/or load shedding to meet demand.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Energy Research
Science > School of the Built Environment > Energy and Environmental Engineering group
ID Code:35842
Uncontrolled Keywords:Energy consumption, Energy supply, Energy access, Botswana


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