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A critical assessment of unbalanced surface stresses: Some complementary considerations

Bassett, D. C. (2006) A critical assessment of unbalanced surface stresses: Some complementary considerations. Polymer, 47 (9). pp. 3263-3266. ISSN 0032-3861

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The wide-ranging survey of twisted growth in polymers by Lotz and Cheng cites extensive evidence consistent with the relief of surface stress being the underlying cause. This complementary note contributes to the discussion by making three main points. First, it is necessary to go further and explain the key issue of how a consistent twist is maintained when, as commonly, this habit has a lower symmetry than the crystallographic lattice. Detailed study has shown that, in polyethylene, this occurs by reorganization of the initial fold surfaces. Second, the suggested explanation by Keith and Padden that. in polyethylene, the asymmetric habit derives from molecules adding to lamellae with inclined fold surfaces is invalid being doubly inconsistent with observation. Third, twisting has now been linked to faster growth by study of row structures in polyethylene. This produces inherently rough fold surfaces in Regime II whose internal stresses drive reorganization and twisting. For slower (Regime I) growth, fold surfaces form with and maintain ordered packing so providing no basis for twisting. These new insights radically alter the context of twisted growth and provide a firm factual basis for further work. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences
ID Code:5599
Uncontrolled Keywords:lamellar twisting fold-surface re-organization isothermal thickening MELT-CRYSTALLIZED POLYETHYLENE SPHERULITES LAMELLAE GROWTH

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