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Proper evaluation of the external convective heat transfer for the thermal analysis of cool roofs

Costanzo, V., Evola, G., Marletta, L. and Gagliano, A. (2014) Proper evaluation of the external convective heat transfer for the thermal analysis of cool roofs. Energy and Buildings, 77. pp. 467-477. ISSN 0378-7788

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.03.064


Cool materials are characterized by high solar reflectance and high thermal emittance; when applied to the external surface of a roof, they make it possible to limit the amount of solar irradiance absorbed by the roof, and to increase the rate of heat flux emitted by irradiation to the environment, especially during nighttime. However, a roof also releases heat by convection on its external surface; this mechanism is not negligible, and an incorrect evaluation of its entity might introduce significant inaccuracy in the assessment of the thermal performance of a cool roof, in terms of surface temperature and rate of heat flux transferred to the indoors. This issue is particularly relevant in numerical simulations, which are essential in the design stage, therefore it deserves adequate attention. In the present paper, a review of the most common algorithms used for the calculation of the convective heat transfer coefficient due to wind on horizontal building surfaces is presented. Then, with reference to a case study in Italy, the simulated results are compared to the outcomes of a measurement campaign. Hence, the most appropriate algorithms for the convective coefficient are identified, and the errors deriving by an incorrect selection of this coefficient are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of the Built Environment
ID Code:58780

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