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Thermal and visual performance of real and theoretical thermochromic glazing solutions for office buildings

Costanzo, V., Evola, G. and Marletta, L. (2016) Thermal and visual performance of real and theoretical thermochromic glazing solutions for office buildings. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 149. pp. 110-120. ISSN 1879-3398

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2016.01.008


Thermochromic windows are able to modulate their transmittance in both the visible and the near-infrared field as a function of their temperature. As a consequence, they allow to control the solar gains in summer, thus reducing the energy needs for space cooling. However, they may also yield a reduction in the daylight availability, which results in the energy consumption for indoor artificial lighting being increased. This paper investigates, by means of dynamic simulations, the application of thermochromic windows to an existing office building in terms of energy savings on an annual basis, while also focusing on the effects in terms of daylighting and thermal comfort. In particular, due attention is paid to daylight availability, described through illuminance maps and by the calculation of the daylight factor, which in several countries is subject thresholds. The study considers both a commercially available thermochromic pane and a series of theoretical thermochromic glazing. The expected performance is compared to static clear and reflective insulating glass units. The simulations are repeated in different climatic conditions, showing that the overall energy savings compared to clear glazing can range from around 5% for cold climates to around 20% in warm climates, while not compromising daylight availability. Moreover the role played by the transition temperature of the pane is examined, pointing out an optimal transition temperatures that is irrespective of the climatic conditions.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of the Built Environment
ID Code:58781

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