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Crosstalk between oestrogen receptors and thyroid hormone receptor isoforms results in differential regulation of the preproenkephalin gene

Vasudevan, N., Zhu, Y. S., Daniel, S., Koibuchi, N., Chin, W. W. and Pfaff, D. (2001) Crosstalk between oestrogen receptors and thyroid hormone receptor isoforms results in differential regulation of the preproenkephalin gene. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 13 (9). pp. 779-90. ISSN 0953-8194

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Nuclear receptors are ligand-activated transcription factors, which have the potential to integrate internal metabolic events in an organism, with consequences for control of behaviour. Previous studies from this laboratory have shown that thyroid hormone receptor (TR) isoforms can inhibit oestrogen receptor (ER)alpha-mediated induction of preproenkephalin (PPE) gene expression in the hypothalamus. Also, thyroid hormone administration inhibits lordosis, a behaviour facilitated by PPE expression. We have examined the effect of multiple ligand-binding TR isoforms on the ER-mediated induction of the PPE gene in transient transfection assays in CV-1 cells. On a natural PPE gene promoter fragment containing two putative oestrogen response elements (EREs), both ER alpha and beta isoforms mediate a four to five-fold induction by oestrogen. Cotransfection of TR alpha 1 along with ER alpha inhibited the ER alpha transactivation of PPE by approximately 50%. However, cotransfection with either TR beta 1 or TR beta 2 expression plasmids produced no effect on the ER alpha or ER beta mediated induction of PPE. Therefore, under these experimental conditions, interactions with a single ER isoform are specific to an individual TR isoform. Transfection with a TR alpha 1 DNA-binding mutant could also inhibit ER alpha transactivation, suggesting that competition for binding on the ERE may not be the exclusive mechanism for inhibition. Data with the coactivator, SRC-1, suggested that coactivator squelching may participate in the inhibition. In dramatic contrast, when ER beta is cotransfected, TR alpha 1 stimulated ER beta-mediated transactivation of PPE by approximately eight-fold over control levels. This is the first study revealing specific interactions among nuclear receptor isoforms on a neuroendocrine promoter. These data also suggest that the combinatorics of ER and TR isoforms allow multiple forms of flexible gene regulations in the service of neuroendocrine integration.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
ID Code:58919
Uncontrolled Keywords:Animals Cell Line Enkephalins/*genetics Gene Expression Regulation/*physiology Protein Isoforms/physiology Protein Precursors/*genetics Rats Receptor Cross-Talk/*physiology Receptors, Estrogen/*physiology Receptors, Thyroid Hormone/*physiology

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