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Isoform specificity for oestrogen receptor and thyroid hormone receptor genes and their interactions on the NR2D gene promoter

Vasudevan, N. ORCID:, Kia, H. K., Inoue, S., Muramatsu, M. and Pfaff, D. (2002) Isoform specificity for oestrogen receptor and thyroid hormone receptor genes and their interactions on the NR2D gene promoter. J Neuroendocrinol, 14 (10). pp. 836-42. ISSN 0953-8194 (Print)

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Oestrogens are critical for the display of lordosis behaviour and, in recent years, have also been shown to be involved in synaptic plasticity. In the brain, the regulation of ionotropic glutamate receptors has consequences for excitatory neurotransmission. Oestrogen regulation of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunit 2D (NR2D) has generated considerable interest as a possible molecular mechanism by which synaptic plasticity can be modulated. Since more than one isoform of the oestrogen receptor (ER) exists in mammals, it is possible that oestrogen regulation via the ERalpha and ERbeta isoforms on the NR2D oestrogen response element (ERE) is not equivalent. In the kidney fibroblast (CV1) cell line, we show that in response to 17beta-oestradiol, only ERalpha, not ERbeta, could upregulate transcription from the ERE which is in the 3' untranslated region of the NR2D gene. When this ERE is in the 5' position, neither ERalpha nor ERbeta showed transactivation capacity. Thyroid hormone receptor (TR) modulation of ER mediated induction has been shown for other ER target genes, such as the preproenkephalin and oxytocin receptor genes. Since the various TR isoforms exhibit distinct roles, we hypothesized that TR modulation of ER induction may also be isoform specific. This is indeed the case. The TRalpha1 isoform stimulated ERalpha mediated induction from the 3'-ERE whereas the TRbeta1 isoform inhibited this induction. This study shows that isoforms of both the ER and TR have different transactivation properties. Such flexible regulation and crosstalk by nuclear receptor isoforms leads to different transcriptional outcomes and the combinatorial logic may aid neuroendocrine integration.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:No Reading authors. Back catalogue items
ID Code:58921
Uncontrolled Keywords:3' Untranslated Regions/physiology Animals Cell Line Estradiol/pharmacology Estrogen Receptor alpha Estrogen Receptor beta Fibroblasts/cytology Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects/physiology Kidney/cytology Promoter Regions, Genetic/*physiology Rats Receptor Cross-Talk/physiology Receptors, Estrogen/*genetics Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/*genetics Receptors, Thyroid Hormone/*genetics Transcriptional Activation/drug effects/physiology Triiodothyronine/pharmacology

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