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A ‘heart rate’-based model (PHSHR) for predicting personal heat stress in dynamic working environments

Yao, R., Li, Y., Du, C. and Li, B. (2018) A ‘heart rate’-based model (PHSHR) for predicting personal heat stress in dynamic working environments. Building and Environment, 135. pp. 318-329. ISSN 0360-1323

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.03.014


The parameter of human body metabolic rates has been popularly used for the prediction of human heat stress in hot environments. However, most modules use the fixed and estimated metabolic heat production. The aim of this study is to develop the prediction of personal heat stress in dynamic working environments. Based on the framework of the predicted heat stress (PHS) model in ISO 7933, a heart-rate based PHSHR model has been developed using the time-based heart rate index, which is suitable for prediction in situations where metabolic rates are dynamic and there are inter-individual variations. The infinitesimal time unit Δti, has been introduced into the new PHSHR model and all the terms used in the PHS model related to metabolic rates are thus redefined as the function of real-time heart rates. The PHSHR has been validated under 8 experimental combined temperature-humidity conditions in a well-controlled climate chamber. The feature of the PHSHR model is being able to calculate dynamic changes in body metabolism with exposure time. It will be useful to the identification of potential risks of individual workers so to establish an occupational working environment health and safety protection mechanism by means of simultaneous monitoring of workers’ heart rates at the personal levels, using advanced sensor technology.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of the Built Environment > Energy and Environmental Engineering group
ID Code:76546


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