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No impact of malaria infection or immunisation on the expression of the immune GTPase GIMAP1 at the protein or mRNA levels (Article no. 53)

Saunders, A., Lamb, T.J., Pascall, J., Hutchings, A., Dion, C., Carter, C., Hepburn, L., Miller, J.R., Langhorne, J. and Butcher, G.W. (2009) No impact of malaria infection or immunisation on the expression of the immune GTPase GIMAP1 at the protein or mRNA levels (Article no. 53). Malaria Journal, 8. ISSN 1475-2875

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-53


GIMAP (GTPase of the immunity-associated protein family) proteins are a family of putative GTPases believed to be regulators of cell death in lymphomyeloid cells. GIMAP1 was the first reported member of this gene family, identified as a gene up-regulated at the RNA level in the spleens of mice infected with the malarial parasite, Plasmodium chabaudi. Methods A monoclonal antibody against mouse GIMAP1 was developed and was used to analyse the expression of the endogenous protein in tissues of normal mice and in defined sub-populations of cells prepared from lymphoid tissues using flow cytometry. It was also used to assess the expression of GIMAP1 protein after infection and/or immunization of mice with P. chabaudi. Real-time PCR analysis was employed to measure the expression of GIMAP1 for comparison with the protein level analysis. Results GIMAP1 protein expression was detected in all lineages of lymphocytes (T, B, NK), in F4/80+ splenic macrophages and in some lymphoid cell lines. Additional evidence is presented suggesting that the strong expression by mature B cells of GIMAP1 and other GIMAP genes and proteins seen in mice may be a species-dependent characteristic. Unexpectedly, no increase was found in the expression of GIMAP1 in P. chabaudi infected mice at either the mRNA or protein level, and this remained so despite applying a number of variations to the protocol. Conclusion The model of up-regulation of GIMAP1 in response to infection/immunization with P. chabaudi is not a robustly reproducible experimental system. The GIMAP1 protein is widely expressed in lymphoid cells, with an interesting increase in expression in the later stages of B cell development. Alternative approaches will be required to define the functional role of this GTPase in immune cells.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:9693

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