The interrelationships of winter wheat cultivars, crop density and competition of naturally occurring weed flora
Korres, N.E. and Froud-Williams, R.J. (2004) The interrelationships of winter wheat cultivars, crop density and competition of naturally occurring weed flora. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 22 (1). pp. 1-20. ISSN 0144-8765
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The effects of intraspecific and interspecific competition on a wide range of winter wheat cultivars were investigated in two consecutive split plot field experiments. Significant reductions of grain yield at greatly reduced seed rates were observed in the first experiment, whereas increasing crop density up to 380 plants m(-2) in the second experiment failed to produce a significant yield response due to compensation through increased ears and grains per plant at lower crop densities. Appreciable weed suppression and acceptable grain yield can be achieved at crop densities between 150 and 270 plants m(-2). Reductions in final yield due to weed competition occurred in both experiments; 11.7 and 13.6% for the first and second experiment, respectively, with the onset of weed competition occurring from tittering in the first experiment and from stem elongation in the second. The possibility of enhancing crop competitiveness for weed suppression and improved grain yield is discussed.