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Direct time-resolved study of the gas-phase reactions of germylene with ethyl- and diethylgermane: absolute rate constants, temperature dependences, and mechanism

Becerra, R., Boganov, S.E., Egorov, M.P., Krylova, I.V., Nefedov, O.M. and Walsh, R. (2007) Direct time-resolved study of the gas-phase reactions of germylene with ethyl- and diethylgermane: absolute rate constants, temperature dependences, and mechanism. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 111 (8). pp. 1434-1440. ISSN 1089-5639

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/jp0661948

Abstract/Summary

Time-resolved studies of germylene, GeH2, generated by the 193 nm laser flash photolysis of 3,4-dimethyl-1-germacyclopent-3-ene, have been carried out to obtain rate constants for its bimolecular reactions with ethyl- and diethylgermanes in the gas phase. The reactions were studied over the pressure range 1-100 Torr with SF6 as bath gas and at five temperatures in the range 297-564 K. Only slight pressure dependences were found for GeH2 + EtGeH3 (399, 486, and 564 K). The high pressure rate constants gave the following Arrhenius parameters: for GeH2 + EtGeH3, log A = -10.75 +/- 0.08 and E-a = -6.7 +/- 0.6 kJ mol(-1); for GeH2 + Et2GeH2, log A = -10.68 +/- 0.11 and E-a = -6.95 +/- 0.80 kJ mol(-1). These are consistent with fast, near collision-controlled, association processes at 298 K. RRKM modeling calculations are, for the most part, consistent with the observed pressure dependence of GeH2 + EtGeH3. The ethyl substituent effects have been extracted from these results and are much larger than the analogous methyl substituent effects in the SiH2 + methylsilane reaction series. This is consistent with a mechanistic model for Ge-H insertion in which the intermediate complex has a sizable secondary barrier to rearrangement.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11002
Uncontrolled Keywords:QUANTUM-CHEMICAL CALCULATIONS, POTENTIAL-ENERGY SURFACE, H INSERTION REACTION, THERMAL-DECOMPOSITION, ADDITION-REACTION, DFT CALCULATIONS, AB-INITIO, SILYLENE, KINETICS, SILANE

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