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Reactions of silylene with unreactive molecules. 2. nitrogen: gas-phase kinetic and theoretical studies

Becerra, R. , Cannady, J.P. and Walsh, R. (2003) Reactions of silylene with unreactive molecules. 2. nitrogen: gas-phase kinetic and theoretical studies. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 107 (45). pp. 9588-9593. ISSN 1089-5639

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/jp0348880

Abstract/Summary

Time-resolved studies of the reaction of silylene, SiH2, with N-2 have been attempted at 296, 417, and 484 K, using laser flash photolysis to generate and monitor SiH2. No conclusive evidence for reaction could be found even with pressures of N-2 of 500 Torr. This enables us to set upper limits of ca. 3 x 10(-15) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) for the second-order rate constants. A lower limit for the activation energy, E-a, of ca. 47 kJ mol(-1) is also derived. Ab initio calculations at the G3 level indicate that the only SiH2N2 species of lower energy than the separated reactants is the H2Si...N-2 donor-acceptor (ylid) species with a relative enthalpy of -26 kJ mol(-1), insufficient for observation of reaction under the experimental conditions. Ten bound species on the SiH2N2 surface were found and their energies calculated as well as those of the potential dissociation products: HSiN + NH((3)Sigma(-)) and HNSi + NH((3)Sigma(-)). Additionally two of the transition states involving cyclic-SiH2N2 (siladiazirine) were explored. It appears that siladiazirine is neither thermodynamically nor kinetically stable. The findings indicate that Si-N-d bonds (where N-d is double-bonded nitrogen) are not particularly strong. An unexpected cyclic intermediate was found in the isomerization of silaisocyanamide to silacyanamide.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11008
Uncontrolled Keywords:ABSOLUTE RATE CONSTANTS, POTENTIAL-ENERGY SURFACE, TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE, ADDITION-REACTION, PROTOTYPE, STABILITIES, CHEMISTRY, ABINITIO, ISOMERS, SILANE

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