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Time-resolved gas-phase kinetic and quantum chemical studies of reactions of silylene with chlorine-containing species. 1. HCl

Becerra, R., Cannady, J.P. and Walsh, R. (2004) Time-resolved gas-phase kinetic and quantum chemical studies of reactions of silylene with chlorine-containing species. 1. HCl. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 108 (18). pp. 3987-3993. ISSN 1089-5639

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/jp037630i

Abstract/Summary

Time-resolved kinetic studies of the reaction of silylene, SiH2, generated by laser flash photolysis of phenylsilane, have been carried out to obtain rate constants for its bimolecular reaction with HCL The reaction was studied in the gas phase at 10 Torr total pressure in SF6 bath gas, at five temperatures in the range of 296-611 K. The second-order rate constants fitted the Arrhenius equation: log(k/cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1)) = (-11.51 +/- 0.06) + (1.92 +/- 0.47 kJ mol(-1))/RTIn10 Experiments at other pressures showed that these rate constants were unaffected by pressure in the range of 10-100 Torr, but showed small decreases in value of no more than 20% ( +/- 10%) at I Toff, at both the highest and lowest temperatures. The data are consistent with formation of an initial weakly bound donor-acceptor complex, which reacts by two parallel pathways. The first is by chlorine-to-silicon H-shift to make vibrationally excited chlorosilane, SiH3Cl*, which yields HSiCl by H-2 elimination from silicon. In the second pathway, the complex proceeds via H-2 elimination (4-center process) to make chlorosilylene, HSiCl, directly. This interpretation is supported by ab initio quantum calculations carried out at the G3 level which reveal the direct H-2 elimination route for the first time. RRKM modeling predicts the approximate magnitude of the pressure effect but is unable to determine the proportions of each pathway. The experimental data agree with the only previous measurements at room temperature. Comparisons with other reactions of SiH2 are also drawn.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11009
Uncontrolled Keywords:ABSOLUTE RATE CONSTANTS, POTENTIAL-ENERGY SURFACE, TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE, ADDITION-REACTION, AB-INITIO, THERMAL-DECOMPOSITION, PROTOTYPE, MOLECULES, SILANE, SIH2

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