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Syntheses, conformations, and basicities of bicyclic triamines

Bell, T.W., Choi, H.J., Harte, W. and Drew, M.G.B. (2003) Syntheses, conformations, and basicities of bicyclic triamines. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125 (40). pp. 12196-12210. ISSN 0002-7863

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/ja030236d

Abstract/Summary

The multistep syntheses of several bicyclic triamines are described, all of which have an imbedded 1,5,9-triazacyclododecane ring. In 1,5,9-triazabicyclo[7.3.3]pentadecanes 12, 13, 15, and 16, two nitrogens are bridged by three carbons. The monoprotonated forms of these triamines are highly stabilized by a hydrogen-bonded network involving the bridge and both bridgehead nitrogens, producing a difference of more than 8 pK(a) units in acidities of their monoprotonated and diprotonated forms. The one- and zero-carbon bridges in 1,5,9-triazabicyclo[9.1.1]tridecane (23) and 7-methyl-1,5,9-triazabicyclo[5.5.0]dodecane (39) do not enhance the stabilities of their monoprotonated forms. X-ray crystal structures and computational studies of 12.HI and 16.HI reveal similar, but somewhat weaker, hydrogen-bonded networks, relative to 15.HI. The activation free energies for conformational inversion of 13.HI (14.4 +/- 0.2 kcal/mol), 16.HI (15.0 +/- 0.1 kcal/mol) and 16 (8.8 +/- 0.3 kcal/mol) were measured by variable-temperature H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopy. These experimental barriers give an estimate of 6.2 kcal/mol for the strength of the bifurcated hydrogen bond between the bridge nitrogen and cavity proton in 16.HI. Computational studies support the hypothesis that N-inversion occurs in an open conformation, leading to an estimate of 10.32 kcal/mol for the enthalpy of the bifurcated hydrogen bond in 16.HI in the gas phase.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11020
Uncontrolled Keywords:BARRIER HYDROGEN-BONDS, PROTON SPONGES, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES, CYCLIC TRIAMINES, AQUEOUS-SOLUTION, METAL-COMPLEXES, AB-INITIO, ENZYMATIC CATALYSIS, FORMIC-ACID, MACROCYCLIC LIGANDS
Publisher:American Chemical Society

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