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Anion-pi, Lone-Pair-pi, pi-pi and Hydrogen-Bonding Interactions in a Cu-II Complex of 2-Picolinate and Protonated 4,4 '-Bipyridine: Crystal Structure and Theoretical Studies

Biswas, C., Drew, M. G. B., Escudero, D., Frontera, A. and Ghosh, A. (2009) Anion-pi, Lone-Pair-pi, pi-pi and Hydrogen-Bonding Interactions in a Cu-II Complex of 2-Picolinate and Protonated 4,4 '-Bipyridine: Crystal Structure and Theoretical Studies. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry (15). pp. 2238-2246. ISSN 1434-1948

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200900110

Abstract/Summary

A Cu-II complex of protonated 4,4'-bipyridine (Hbyp) and 2-picolinate (pic), [Cu-2(pic)(3)(Hbyp)(H2O)(ClO4)(2)], has been synthesised and characterised by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The structure consists of two copper atoms that have different environments, bridged by a carboxylate group. The equatorial plane is formed by the two bidentate picolinate groups in one Cu-II, and one picolinate, one monodentate 4,4'-bipyridyl ligand and a water molecule in the other. Each copper atom is also weakly bonded to a perchlorate anion in an axial position. One of the coordinated perchlorate groups displays anion-pi interaction with the coordinated pyridine ring. The noncoordinated carboxylate oxygen is involved in lone-pair (l.p.)-pi interaction with the protonated pyridine ring. In addition there are pi-pi and H-bonding interactions in the structure. Bader's theory of "atoms in molecules" (AIM) is used to characterise the anion-pi and l.p.-pi interactions observed in the solid state. A high-level ab initio study (RI-MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ level of theory) has been performed to analyse the anion-pi binding affinity of the pyridine ring when it is coordinated to a transition metal and also when the other pyridine ring of the 4,4'-bipyridine moiety is protonated. Theoretical investigations support the experimental findings of an intricate network of intermolecular interactions, which is characterised in the studied complex, and also indicate that protonation as well as coordination to the transition metal have important roles in influencing the pi-binding properties of the aromatic ring. ((C) Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2009)

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11029
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ab initio calculations, Noncovalent interactions, Hydrogen bonds, Copper, Pi interactions, DEFICIENT 1,3,5-TRIAZINE RING, ACIDIC AROMATIC RINGS, AB-INITIO, CATION-PI, CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE, CHARGE-DENSITY, RECOGNITION, RECEPTORS, STACKING, SYSTEMS

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