Synthesis of hyperbranched poly(aryl ether)s via carbene insertion processes
Blencowe, A., Caiulo, N., Cosstick, K., Fagour, W., Heath, P. and Hayes, W. (2007) Synthesis of hyperbranched poly(aryl ether)s via carbene insertion processes. Macromolecules, 40 (4). pp. 939-949. ISSN 0024-9297
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1021/ma061951l
Homopolymerization of alkylarylcarbenes derived from diazirine monomers that featured benzyl alcohol or phenol residues was found to lead to the production of soluble hyperbranched poly(aryl ether)s. The polymerization process was influenced by the solvents employed, monomer concentration, and the reaction time. An increase in the monomer concentration and reaction time was found to lead to an increase in the molecular weight characteristics of the resulting polymers as determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The composition and architecture of the polyethers were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic analysis and were found to be highly complex and dependent on the structure of the monomers used. All of the polymers were found to contain ether linkages formed via carbene insertion into O-H bonds, although polymers derived from phenolic carbenes also contained linkages arising from C-alkylation.