Alternative syntheses of linear polyurethanes using masked isocyanate monomers
Blencowe, A., Clarke, A., Drew, M.G.B., Hayes, W., Slark, A. and Woodward, P. (2006) Alternative syntheses of linear polyurethanes using masked isocyanate monomers. Reactive & Functional Polymers, 66 (11). pp. 1284-1295. ISSN 1381-5148
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2006.03.011
A range of linear polyurethanes featuring aliphatic, aromatic and ether residues have been prepared by co-polymerisation of novel 'masked' isocyanate A(2)-type monomers and diols. The reactive isocyanate monomers were generated in situ via the triphenylphosphine mediated decomposition of the heterocyclic disulfide, 1,2,4-dithiazolidine-3,5-dione. Two different synthetic approaches were examined and assessed for the construction of the novel A(2)-type monomers, which involved either coupling two 1,2,4-dithiazolidine-3,5-diones together through a spacer group or construction of 1,2,4-dithiazolidine-3,5-diones directly from diamines. The resulting polyurethanes were purified via solvent extraction and analysed using GPC, NMR and IR spectroscopic analyses. Molecular weight data were obtained and compared from both GPC and H-1 NMR (via end-group analysis) spectroscopic analysis. The thermal properties of the polyurethanes were determined using DSC and their solubility in common aprotic organic solvents was also assessed and related to their structural composition. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.