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Vibrational energy levels for the electronic ground state of the diazocarbene (CNN) molecule

Carter, S., Handy, N.C., Yamaguchi, Y., Turney, J.M. and Schaefer, H.F. (2008) Vibrational energy levels for the electronic ground state of the diazocarbene (CNN) molecule. Molecular Physics, 106 (2-4). pp. 357-365. ISSN 0026-8976

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1080/00268970701834658

Abstract/Summary

The vibrational energy levels of diazocarbene (diazomethylene) in its electronic ground state, (X) over tilde (3) Sigma(-) CNN, have been predicted using the variational method. The potential energy surfaces of (X) over tilde (3) A" CNN were determined by employing ab initio single reference coupled cluster with single and double excitations (CCSD), CCSD with perturbative triple excitations [CCSD(T)], multi-reference complete active space self-consistent-field (CASSCF), and internally contracted multi-reference configuration interaction (ICMRCI) methods. The correlation-consistent polarised valence quadruple zeta (cc-pVQZ) basis set was used. Four sets of vibrational energy levels determined from the four distinct analytical potential functions have been compared with the experimental values from the laser-induced fluorescence measurements of Wurfel et al. obtained in 1992. The CCSD, CCSD(T), and CASSCF potentials have not provided satisfactory agreement with the experimental observations. In this light, the importance of both non-dynamic (static) and dynamic correlation effects in describing the ground state of CNN is emphasised. Our best theoretical fundamental frequencies at the cc-pVQZ ICMRCI level of theory, v(1) = 1230, v(2) = 394, and v(3) = 1420 cm(-1) are in excellent agreement with the experimental values of v(1) = 1235, v(2) = 396, and v(3) = 1419cm(-1) and the mean absolute deviation between the 23 calculated and experimental vibrational energy levels is only 7.4 cm(-1). It is shown that the previously suggested observation of the v(3) frequency at about 2847cm(-1) was in fact the first overtone 2v(3).

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11086
Uncontrolled Keywords:vibrational energy levels, electronic ground state, diazocarbene, ICMRCI, CASSCF , COUPLED-CLUSTER METHOD, FREE RADICAL NCN, SPACE SCF METHOD, CONFIGURATION-INTERACTION, MATRIX-ISOLATION, AB-INITIO, ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA, INFRARED-SPECTRUM, SPECTROSCOPY, SINN

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