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QSAR studies of multidentate nitrogen ligands used in lanthanide and actinide extraction processes

Drew, M.G.B., Hudson, M.J. and Youngs, T.G.A. (2003) QSAR studies of multidentate nitrogen ligands used in lanthanide and actinide extraction processes. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 374 (1-2). pp. 408-415. ISSN 0925-8388

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2003.11.047

Abstract/Summary

Quantitative structure activity relationships (QSARs) have been developed to optimise the choice of nitrogen heterocyclic molecules that can be used to separate the minor actinides such as americium(III) from europium(III) in the aqueous PUREX raffinate of nuclear waste. Experimental data on distribution coefficients and separation factors (SFs) for 47 such ligands have been obtained and show SF values ranging from 0.61 to 100. The ligands were divided into a training set of 36 molecules to develop the QSAR and a test set of 11 molecules to validate the QSAR. Over 1500 molecular descriptors were calculated for each heterocycle and the Genetic Algorithm was used to select the most appropriate for use in multiple regression equations. Equations were developed fitting the separation factors to 6-8 molecular descriptors which gave r(2) values of >0.8 for the training set and values of >0.7 for the test set, thus showing good predictive quality. The descriptors used in the equations were primarily electronic and steric. These equations can be used to predict the separation factors of nitrogen heterocycles not yet synthesised and/or tested and hence obtain the most efficient ligands for lanthanide and actinide separation. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11215
Uncontrolled Keywords:QSAR, radioactive waste, actinide separation , CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES, SOLVENT-EXTRACTION, COMPLEXES, SEPARATION, AMERICIUM(III), EUROPIUM(III), ANIONS, ACID
Additional Information:5th International Conference on F-Elements (ICFE-5) Geneva, SWITZERLAND 24-29 AUG 2003

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