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Conformational and self-assembly studies of helix forming hexapeptides containing two alpha-amino isobutyric acids

Dutt, A., Drew, M.G.B. and Pramanik, A. (2008) Conformational and self-assembly studies of helix forming hexapeptides containing two alpha-amino isobutyric acids. Tetrahedron, 64 (3). pp. 549-558. ISSN 0040-4020

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.tet.2007.11.016

Abstract/Summary

Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies reveal that three hexapeptides with general formula Boc-Ile-Aib-Xx-Ile-Aib-Yy-OMe, where Xx and Yy are Leu in peptide I, Len and Phe in peptide II, and Phe and Leu in peptide III, respectively, adopt equivalent conformations that can be described as mixed 3(10)/alpha-helice with two 4 -> 1 and two 5 -> 1 intramolecular N-H center dot center dot center dot O=C H-bonds. The peptides do not generate any helixterminating Schellman motif despite having Aib at the penultimate position from C-terminus. In the crystalline state, the helices are packed in head-to-tail fashion through intermolecular hydrogen bonds to create supramolecular helical structures. The CD Studies of the three hexapeptides in acetonitrile indicate that they are folded in well-developed 3(10)-helical structures. NMR studies of peptide I in CDCl3 also suggest the formation of a homogeneous 3 m-helical structure. The field emission scanning electron microscopic (FE-SEM) images of peptide 11 in the solid state reveal a non-twisted ribbon-like morphology, which is formed through lateral association of non-twisted filaments. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11235
Uncontrolled Keywords:peptide, alpha-Amino isobutyric acid, 3(10)-Helix, alpha-Helix, ribbons, PEPTIDE-AMPHIPHILE NANOFIBERS, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, AMINOISOBUTYRIC-ACID, CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC SIGNATURE, SUPRAMOLECULAR HELIX, POLYPEPTIDE HELICES, CIRCULAR-DICHROISM, SCHELLMAN MOTIFS, HUMAN CALCITONIN, SOLID-STATE

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