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Stabilization of two smallest possible diastereomeric beta-hairpins in a water soluble tetrapeptide containing non-coded alpha-amino isobutyric acid (Aib) and m-amino benzoic acid

Dutt, A., Dutta, A., Kar, S., Koley, P., Drew, M. G. B. and Pramanik, A. (2009) Stabilization of two smallest possible diastereomeric beta-hairpins in a water soluble tetrapeptide containing non-coded alpha-amino isobutyric acid (Aib) and m-amino benzoic acid. Journal of Molecular Structure, 928 (1-3). pp. 138-143. ISSN 0022-2860

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2009.03.027

Abstract/Summary

Single crystal X-ray diffraction study reveals that the water soluble tetrapeptide H2N-Ile-Aib-Leu-m-ABA-CO2H, containing non-coded Aib (alpha-amino isobutyric acid) and m-ABA (meta-amino benzoic acid), crystallizes with two smallest possible diastereomeric beta-hairpin molecules in the asymmetric unit. Although in both of the molecules the chiralities at Ile(1) and Leu(3) are S, a conformational reversal in the back bone chain is observed to produce the beta-hairpins with beta-turn conformations of type II and II'. Interestingly Aib which is known to adopt helical conformation, adopts unusual semi-extended conformation with phi: -49.5(5)degrees, psi: 135.2(5)degrees in type II and phi: 50.6(6)degrees. psi: -137.0(4)degrees in type II' for occupying the i + 1 position of the beta-turns. The two hairpin molecules are further interlocked through intermolecular hydrogen bonds and electrostatic interactions between CO2- and -+NH3 groups to form dimeric supramolecular beta-hairpin aggregate in the crystal state. The CD measurement and 2D NMR study of the peptide in aqueous medium support the existence of beta-hairpin structure in water. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11236
Uncontrolled Keywords:Peptide, Hairpin, alpha-Amino isobutyric acid, m-Amino benzoic acid, STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN-G, X-RAY-DIFFRACTION, STEREOCHEMICAL CONTROL, SECONDARY STRUCTURE, PEPTIDE, SHEET, DESIGN, MODEL, PROPENSITIES, CONFORMATION

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