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Catalytic oxidation of alcohols using molecular oxygen mediated by poly(ethylene glycol)-supported nitroxyl radicals

Ferreira, P., Phillips, E., Rippon, D. and Tsang, S.C. (2005) Catalytic oxidation of alcohols using molecular oxygen mediated by poly(ethylene glycol)-supported nitroxyl radicals. Applied Catalysis B-Environmental, 61 (3-4). pp. 206-211. ISSN 0926-3373

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2005.05.006

Abstract/Summary

The selective catalytic oxidation of alcohols over a mixture of copper(l) chloride and a number of linear 'linker-less' or 'branched' poly(ethylene glycol)-supported nitroxyl radicals of the 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO) family as a catalyst system has been investigated in the presence of molecular oxygen in a batch reactor. It is found that the activity profile of the polymer-supported nitroxyl radicals is in good agreement with that of low-molecular weight nitroxyl catalysts, for example, allylic and benzylic alcohols are oxidised faster than aliphatic alcohols. The oxidations can be tuned to be highly selective such that aldehydes are the only oxidation products observed in the oxidation of primary alcohols and the oxidations of secondary alcohols yield the corresponding ketones. A strong structural effect of the polymeric nitroxyl species on catalytic activity that is dependent upon their spatial orientation of the nitroxyl radicals is particularly noted. The new soluble macromolecular catalysts can be recovered readily from the reaction mixture by solvent precipitation and filtration. In addition, the recycled catalysts demonstrate a similar selectivity with only a small decrease in activity compared to the fresh catalyst even after five repetitive cycles. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11247
Uncontrolled Keywords:catalytic oxidation, alcohols, molecular oxygen, AEROBIC OXIDATION, ALDEHYDES, KETONES, TEMPO

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