The gas-phase reactions Of SiCl4 and Si2Cl6 with CH3OH and C2H5OH: an investigation by mass spectrometry and matrix-isolation infrared spectroscopy
Goldberg, N., Almond, M.J., Ogden, J.S., Cannady, J.P., Walsh, R. and Becerra, R. (2004) The gas-phase reactions Of SiCl4 and Si2Cl6 with CH3OH and C2H5OH: an investigation by mass spectrometry and matrix-isolation infrared spectroscopy. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 6 (13). pp. 3264-3270. ISSN 1463-9076
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1039/b403586k
The gas phase reactions Of SiCl4 and Si2Cl6 With CH3OH and C2H5OH have been investigated using both mass spectrometry and matrix isolation techniques. SiCl4 reacts with both CH3OH and C2H5OH upon mixing of the vapours for times in excess of 3 h to generate the HCl-elimination products SiCl3OR (R = CH3 or C2H5). The identity of these products is confirmed by deuteration experiments and by ab initio calculations at the HF/6-31G(d) level. Further products are generated when the mixture is passed through a tube heated to 750degreesC. Si2Cl6 reacts with CH3OH and C2H5OH via a different mechanism in which the Si-Si bond is cleaved to yield SiCl3OR and HCl. Other products of the type SiCl4-n(OCH3)(n) are tentatively identified by a combination of mass spectrometric and matrix isolation measurements. These latter products indicate further replacement of Cl atoms by OR groups as a result of reaction of CH3OH or C2H5OH with the initial product.