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The trapping and decomposition of toxic gases such as hydrogen cyanide using modified mesoporous silicates

Hudson, M.J., Knowles, J.P., Harris, P.J.F., Jackson, D.B., Chinn, M.J. and Ward, J.L. (2004) The trapping and decomposition of toxic gases such as hydrogen cyanide using modified mesoporous silicates. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 75 (1-2). pp. 121-128. ISSN 1387-1811

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2004.07.023

Abstract/Summary

Selected silicas were modified with the covalently bound ligand 2,6-bis(benzoxazoyl)pyridine (BBOP), equilibrated with copper(II) nitrate, then challenged with toxic vapour containing HCN (8000 mg m(-3) at 80% relative humidity). The modified SBA-15 material (Cu-BBOP-SBA-15) had an improved breakthrough time for HCN (36 min at a flow rate of 30 cm(3) min(-1)) when compared to the other siliceous materials prepared in this study, equating to a hydrogen cyanide capacity of 58 mg g(-1), which is close to a reference activated carbon adsorbent (24 min at 50 cm(3) min(-1)) that can trap 64 mg g(-1). The enhanced performance observed with Cu-BBOP-SBA-15 has been related to the greater accessibility of the functional groups, arising from the ordered nature of the interconnected porous network and large mesopores of 5.5 nm within the material modified with the Cu(II)-BBOP complex. Modified MCM-41 and MCM-48 materials (Cu-BBOP-MCM-41 and Cu-BBOP-MCM-48) were found to have lower hydrogen cyanide capacities (38 and 32 mg g(-1) respectively) than the Cu-BBOP-SBA-15 material owing to the restricted size of the pores (2.2 and <2 nm respectively). The materials with poor nano-structured ordering were found to have low hydrogen cyanide capacities, between 11 and 19 mg g(-1), most likely owing to limited accessibility of the functional groups. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11352
Uncontrolled Keywords:toxic gases, trapping, decomposition, nano-structured silicas, ASC-WHETLERITE, SBA-15, TEMPERATURE, CHROMIUM, MICROPOROSITY, COPOLYMER, TRIBLOCK, CARBONS, SURFACE, COPPER
Publisher:Elsevier

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