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Pyrolysis of polymer-derived carbons in the formation of graphitizing carbons and nanoparticles of zirconia

Hudson, M. J., Peckett, J. W., Sibley, C. S. and Harris, P. J. F. (2008) Pyrolysis of polymer-derived carbons in the formation of graphitizing carbons and nanoparticles of zirconia. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 47 (8). pp. 2605-2611. ISSN 0888-5885

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/ie070149k

Abstract/Summary

Carbons have been prepared by the low-temperature pyrolysis, under argon, of a number of long-chain polymers. We have found that the resistivity (Omega cm(-1)) varies considerably with the temperature of pyrolysis; thus, for ammonium polyacrylate, the resistivity of that pyrolyzed at 600 degrees C is 9.7 x 10(4) Omega cm(-1) whereas that pyrolyzed at 1000 degrees C is ca. 3 Omega cm(-1). A similar situation arises for the other polymers studied (including radiolyzed cross-linked polyacrylamide). All those pyrolyzed at 600 degrees C had a resistivity of > 1 x 10(6) Omega cm(-1), whereas those pyrolyzed at 1000 degrees C had a resistivity of ca. 3-5 Omega cm(-1). A notable exception was that of unirradiated polyacrylamide, where the resistivity remained at > 1 x 10(6) Omega cm(-1) over the range of temperatures studied. The decrease of resistivity with increase of temperature of pyrolysis has been related to the formation of glassy carbon. Nanoparticles (4 nm) of tetragonal zirconia were formed when zirconium polyacrylate was pyrolyzed under similar conditions.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11354
Publisher:American Chemical Society

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