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Solvent extraction of Am(III) and Eu(III) from nitrate solution using synergistic mixtures of n-tridentate heterocycles and chlorinated cobalt dicarbollide

Krejzler, J., Narbutt, J., Foreman, M.R.J., Hudson, M.J., Casensky, B. and Madic, C. (2006) Solvent extraction of Am(III) and Eu(III) from nitrate solution using synergistic mixtures of n-tridentate heterocycles and chlorinated cobalt dicarbollide. Czechoslovak Journal of Physics, 56 (Supplement). D459-D467. ISSN 0011-4626

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s10582-006-1052-z

Abstract/Summary

The separation by solvent extraction of Am-241(III) from Eu-152(III), in 1 M NaNO3 weakly acidic (pH 4) aqueous solutions, into dilute (ca. 10(-2) M) solutions of triazinylbipyridine derivatives (diethylhemi-BTP or di(benzyloxyphenyl) hemi-BTP) and chlorinated cobalt dicarbollide (COSAN) in 1-octanol or nitrobenzene has been studied. The N-tridentate heterocyclic ligands, which are selective for Am(III) over Eu(III), secured efficient separation of the two metal ions, while COSAN, strongly hydrophobic and fully dissociated in polar diluents, enhanced the extraction of the metal ions by ion-pair formation. Molecular interactions between the two co-extractants, observed at higher concentrations, led to the precipitation of their 1: 1 molecular adduct. In spite of that, efficient separations of Am and Eu ions were attained, with high separation factors, SFAm/Eu of 40 and even 60, provided the concentration of hemi-BTP was significantly greater than that of COSAN. Excess COSAN concentrations caused an antagonistic effect, decreasing both the distribution ratio of the metal ions and their separation factor.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11408

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