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A DFT study of propylene polymerization using neutral salicyladiminato nickel(II) and palladium(II) as catalysts

Liu, Y., Zhang, M.L., Drew, M.G.B. and Yang, Z.D. (2005) A DFT study of propylene polymerization using neutral salicyladiminato nickel(II) and palladium(II) as catalysts. Journal of Molecular Structure-Theochem, 726 (1-3). pp. 277-283. ISSN 0166-1280

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.theochem.2005.04.027

Abstract/Summary

Propylene polymerization using salicyladiminato metal catalalysts has been studied using density functional theory at the B3LYP/LANL2DZ level. In particular, the effects on the reaction mechanisms of changing the metal from Pd(II) to Ni(II) have been investigated. While the reaction mechanisms involving the salicyladiminato Ni(II) catalyst have been found to be similar to those established previously for the salicyladiminato Pd(II) catalyst, the nickel catalyst was found to differentiate the trans-O intermediate from the trans-.N intermediate with an energy difference of 46.63 U mol(-1) significantly more than the palladium catalyst for which the energy difference was calculated as 35.82 kJ mol(-1). The energy difference between the trans-O configuration and the trans-N configuration is decreased significantly when combining a molecule of propylene with the catalyst. For the Ni catalyst, the trans-O isomer is more stable than the trans-N isomer to a greater extent than for Pd, so that the insertion of propylene from 20 is relatively less favoured for Ni than for Pd. It is predicted that the mechanism of isomerization from 20 to 2N through a rotational transition state TS2O2N is more appropriate for the Ni catalyst system. The palladium system shows a larger preference for pi-coordination than its nickel counterpart, although the latter possesses a lower reaction barrier. It was found that the occupation of the trans-O position in the asymmetric salicyladiminato catalyst is also more favored by the alkene as it is by the alkyl so that insertion of the alkene may always start from a particular configuration so that specific products are obtained. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11438
Uncontrolled Keywords:density functional theory, nickel, palladium, catalysis, salicyladimine, DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY, ETHYLENE POLYMERIZATION, SALICYLALDIMINATO, NICKEL(II), MOLECULAR-MECHANICS, POLAR MONOMERS, CHAIN TRANSFER, ALPHA-OLEFINS, AB-INITIO, COMPLEXES, DIIMINE

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