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Hydrogen spillover on carbon-supported metal catalysts studied by inelastic neutron scattering. Surface vibrational states and hydrogen riding modes

Mitchell, P.C.H., Ramirez-Cuesta, A.J., Parker, S.F., Tomkinson, J. and Thompsett, D. (2003) Hydrogen spillover on carbon-supported metal catalysts studied by inelastic neutron scattering. Surface vibrational states and hydrogen riding modes. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 107 (28). pp. 6838-6845. ISSN 1520-6106

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/jp0277356

Abstract/Summary

Hydrogen spillover on carbon-supported precious metal catalysts has been investigated with inelastic neutron scattering (INS) spectroscopy. The aim, which was fully realized, was to identify spillover hydrogen on the carbon support. The inelastic neutron scattering spectra of Pt/C, Ru/C, and PtRu/C fuel cell catalysts dosed with hydrogen were determined in two sets of experiments: with the catalyst in the neutron beam and, using an annular cell, with carbon in the beam and catalyst pellets at the edge of the cell excluded from the beam. The vibrational modes observed in the INS spectra were assigned with reference to the INS of a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, coronene, taken as a molecular model of a graphite layer, and with the aid of computational modeling. Two forms of spillover hydrogen were identified: H at edge sites of a graphite layer (formed after ambient dissociative chemisorption of H-2), and a weakly bound layer of mobile H atoms (formed by surface diffusion of H atoms after dissociative chernisorption of H-2 at 500 K). The INS spectra exhibited characteristic riding modes of H on carbon and on Pt or Ru. In these riding modes H atoms move in phase with vibrations of the carbon and metal lattices. The lattice modes are amplified by neutron scattering from the H atoms attached to lattice atoms. Uptake of hydrogen, and spillover, was greater for the Ru containing catalysts than for the Pt/C catalyst. The INS experiments have thus directly demonstrated H spillover to the carbon support of these metal catalysts.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11495
Uncontrolled Keywords:COBALT ALUMINOPHOSPHATE CATALYST, AMORPHOUS-CARBON, GRAPHITE SURFACE, CLUSTER-MODEL, AB-INITIO, H-ATOMS, PLATINUM, DYNAMICS, ADSORPTION, DIHYDROGEN

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