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High-affinity small molecule-phospholipid complex formation: Binding of siramesine to phosphatidic acid

Parry, M. J., Alakoskela, J. M. I., Khandelia, H., Kumar, S. A., Jaattela, M., Mahalka, A. K. and Kinnunen, P. K. J. (2008) High-affinity small molecule-phospholipid complex formation: Binding of siramesine to phosphatidic acid. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 130 (39). pp. 12953-12960. ISSN 0002-7863

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/ja800516w

Abstract/Summary

Siramesine (SRM) is a sigma-2 receptor agonist which has been recently shown to inhibit growth of cancer cells. Fluorescence spectroscopy experiments revealed two distinct binding sites for this drug in phospholipid membranes. More specifically, acidic phospholipids retain siramesine on the bilayer surface due to a high-affinity interaction, reaching saturation at an apparent 1:1 drug-acidic phospholipid stoichiometry, where after the drug penetrates into the hydrocarbon core of the membrane. This behavior was confirmed using Langmuir films. Of the anionic phospholipids, the highest affinity, comparable to the affinities for the binding of small molecule ligands to proteins, was measured for phosphatidic acid (PA, mole fraction Of X-PA = 0.2 in phosphatidylcholine vesicles), yielding a molecular partition coefficient of 240 +/- 80 x 10(6). An MD simulation on the siramesine:PA interaction was in agreement with the above data. Taking into account the key role of PA as a signaling molecule promoting cell growth our results suggest a new paradigm for the development of anticancer drugs, viz. design of small molecules specifically scavenging phospholipids involved in the signaling cascades controlling cell behavior.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11552
Uncontrolled Keywords:LYSOPHOSPHATIDIC ACID, MEMBRANE, RECEPTORS, CELLS, SIMULATION, APOPTOSIS, PROTEIN, BRAIN, DRUGS, RAT
Publisher:American Chemical Society

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