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Perfluorodecalin: global warming potential and first detection in the atmosphere

Shine, K.P., Gohar, L.K., Hurley, M.D., Marston, G., Martin, D., Simmonds, P.G., Wallington, T.J. and Watkins, M. (2005) Perfluorodecalin: global warming potential and first detection in the atmosphere. Atmospheric Environment, 39 (9). pp. 1759-1763. ISSN 1352-2310

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.01.001

Abstract/Summary

Perfluorodecalin (C10F18) has a range of medical uses that have led to small releases. Recently, it has been proposed as a carrier of vaccines, which could lead to significantly larger emissions. Since its emissions are controlled under the Kyoto Protocol, it is important that values for the global warming potential (GWP) are available. For a 50:50 mixture of the two isomers of perfluorodecalin, laboratory measurements, supplemented by theoretical calculations, give an integrated absorption cross-section of 3.91 x 10(-16) cm(2) molecule(-1) cm(-1) over the spectral region 0-1500 cm(-1); calculations yield a radiative efficiency of 0.56 W m(-2) ppbv(-1) and a 100-year GWP, relative to carbon dioxide, of 7200 assuming a lifetime of 1000 years. We report the first atmospheric measurements of perfluorodecalin, at Bristol, UK and Mace Head, Ireland, where volume mixing ratios are about 1.5 x 10(-15). At these concentrations, it makes a trivial contribution to climate change, but on a per molecule basis it is a potent greenhouse gas, indicating the need for careful assessment of its possible future usage. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11619
Uncontrolled Keywords:perfluorocarbon, radiative efficiency, radiative forcing, GWP, PERFLUOROCARBON

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