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Silica-encapsulated nanomagnetic particle as a new recoverable biocatalyst carrier

Tsang, S.C., Yu, C.H., Gao, X. and Tam, K. (2006) Silica-encapsulated nanomagnetic particle as a new recoverable biocatalyst carrier. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 110 (34). pp. 16914-16922. ISSN 1520-6106

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/jp062275s

Abstract/Summary

Enzymes are versatile biocatalysts with major advantages of ultrahigh reaction selectivity and specificity under mild conditions, which currently find increasing applications. However, their applications are often hampered by difficulties in recovery and recycling. As a result, we carried out detailed investigations on the synthesis and characterization of silica-encapsulated iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles of controlled dimension as an enzyme carrier. It is shown that the relatively smaller sized silica-coated magnetic nanoparticle prepared by the microemlusion technique can a carry bulky enzyme, beta-lactamase, via chemical linkages on the silica overlayer without severely blocking the enzymatic active center ( which is commonly encountered in conventional solid supports). An activity study by Michalis-Menten kinetics reflects that this new type of immobilization allows enzyme isolation with accessibility as good as free enzyme. The recovery and reusability of the nanoparticle-supported enzyme upon application of magnetic separation are also demonstrated.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11677
Uncontrolled Keywords:MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES, POROUS-GLASS, ENZYMES, IMMOBILIZATION, MICROSPHERES, TRYPSIN, MEDIA

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