Rapid, uncatalyzed ring-opening polymerization of individual macrocyclic poly(arylene thioether ketone)s under dynamic heating conditions
Zolotukhin, M. G., Fomine, S., Colquhoun, H. M., Zhu, Z. X., Drew, M. G. B., Olley, R. H., Fairman, R. A. and Williams, D. J. (2004) Rapid, uncatalyzed ring-opening polymerization of individual macrocyclic poly(arylene thioether ketone)s under dynamic heating conditions. Macromolecules, 37 (6). pp. 2041-2053. ISSN 0024-9297
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1021/ma0354086
Uncatalyzed, ring-opening polymerization of individual macrocyclic poly(arylene thioether ketone)s (1-4) and mixtures (5) under dynamic heating conditions has been demonstrated for the first time. High-molecular-weight, film-forming products were obtained after heating of the macrocycles up to 480 degreesC, with a heating rate of 10-20 degreesC /min. Depending on the macrocyclic structure and heat treatment conditions, the polymers obtained were amorphous or semicrystalline, soluble or slightly crosslinked. NMR analyses of the soluble polymers revealed their linear, highly regular structure. According to NMR, DSC, and TGA studies, the polymers obtained do not contain any residual macrocycles. The polymers with thio-p-arylene moieties in the main chain were thermally stabile. The catalyzed ring opening polymerization of 5 carried out in diphenyl sulfone solution is also reported for comparison. Using quantum mechanical calculations of the ring opening of macrocycles, a reaction mechanism is suggested. Preparation of nanosized poly(thioether ketone) fibrils by a replication method is described.