An investigation into the mechanics of cutting using data from orthogonally cutting Nylon 66
Wyeth, D. J. (2008) An investigation into the mechanics of cutting using data from orthogonally cutting Nylon 66. International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, 48 (7-8). pp. 896-904. ISSN 0890-6955
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2007.11.001
Cutting force data for Nylon 66 has been examined in terms of various different models of cutting. Theory that includes significant work of separation at the tool tip was found to give the best correlation with experimental data over a wide range of rake angles for derived primary shear plane angle. A fracture toughness parameter was used as the measure of the specific work of separation. Variation in toughness with rake angle determined from cutting is postulated to be caused by mixed mode separation at the tool tip. A rule of mixtures using independently determined values of toughness in tension (mode 1) and shear (mode 11) is found to describe well the variation with rake angle. The ratio of modes varies with rake angle and, in turn, with the primary shear plane angle. Previous suggestions that cutting is a means of experimentally determining fracture toughness are now seen to be extended to identify the mode of fracture toughness as well.