The synthesis and cytotoxic evaluation of a series of benzodioxole substituted titanocenes
Sweeney, N.J., Claffey, J., Müller-Bunz, H., Pampillon, C., Strohfeldt, K. and Tacke, M. (2007) The synthesis and cytotoxic evaluation of a series of benzodioxole substituted titanocenes. Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 21 (2). pp. 57-65. ISSN 0268-2605
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1002/aoc.1177
Using 6-benzo[1,3]dioxolefulvene (1a), a series of benzodioxole substituted titanocenes was synthesized. The benzyl-substituted titanocene bis[(benzo[1,3]dioxole)-5-methylcyclopentadienyl] titanium (IV) dichloride (2a) was synthesized from the reaction of Super Hydride with 1a. An X-ray determined crystal structure was obtained for 2a. The ansa-titanocene (1,2-di(cyclopentadienyl)1,2-di-(benzo[1,3]dioxole)-ethanediyl) titanium(IV) dichloride (2b) was synthesized by reductive dimerisation of la with titanium dichloride. The diarylmethyl substituted titanocene bis(di(benzo[1,3]dioxole)-S-methylcyclopentadienyl) titanium(IV) dichloride (20 was synthesized by reacting la with the para-lithiated benzodioxole followed by transmetallation with titanium tetrachloride. When titanocenes 2a-c were tested against pig kidney (LLC-PK) cells inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of 2.8 X 10(-4), 1.6 x 10(-4) and 7.6 x 10(-5) m, respectively, were observed. These values represent improved cytotoxicity against LLC-PK, when compared with unsubstituted titanocene dichloride, but are not as impressive as values obtained for titanocenes previously synthesized using the above methods. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.