Mechanisms of inverse agonist action at D-2 dopamine receptors
Roberts, D.J. and Strange, P.G. (2005) Mechanisms of inverse agonist action at D-2 dopamine receptors. British Journal of Pharmacology, 145 (1). pp. 34-42. ISSN 0007-1188
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0706073
1 Mechanisms of inverse agonist action at the D-2(short) dopamine receptor have been examined. 2 Discrimination of G-protein-coupled and -uncoupled forms of the receptor by inverse agonists was examined in competition ligand-binding studies versus the agonist [H-3]NPA at a concentration labelling both G-protein-coupled and -uncoupled receptors. 3 Competition of inverse agonists versus [H-3] NPA gave data that were fitted best by a two-binding site model in the absence of GTP but by a one-binding site model in the presence of GTP. K-i values were derived from the competition data for binding of the inverse agonists to G-protein-uncoupled and -coupled receptors. K-coupled and K-uncoupled were statistically different for the set of compounds tested ( ANOVA) but the individual values were different in a post hoc test only for (+)-butaclamol. 4 These observations were supported by simulations of these competition experiments according to the extended ternary complex model. 5 Inverse agonist efficacy of the ligands was assessed from their ability to reduce agonist-independent [S-35]GTPγ S binding to varying degrees in concentration-response curves. Inverse agonism by (+)-butaclamol and spiperone occurred at higher potency when GDP was added to assays, whereas the potency of (-)-sulpiride was unaffected. 6 These data show that some inverse agonists ((+)-butaclamol, spiperone) achieve inverse agonism by stabilising the uncoupled form of the receptor at the expense of the coupled form. For other compounds tested, we were unable to define the mechanism.