Synthesis of cationic water-soluble copolymers and hydrogels based on [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium cloride and 2-hydroxyethylacrylate and their complex formation with poly(acrylic acid)
Nurkeeva, Z.S., Mun, G.A., Sergaziev, A.D., Fefelova, N.A., Sarsenbaeva, A.S. and Khutoryanskiy, V.V. (2006) Synthesis of cationic water-soluble copolymers and hydrogels based on [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium cloride and 2-hydroxyethylacrylate and their complex formation with poly(acrylic acid). Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics, 44 (5). pp. 845-853. ISSN 0887-6266
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1002/polb.20742
Water-soluble cationic copolymers and hydrogels were synthesized by radical copolymerization of [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimetilylammonium chloride (MADQUAT) and 2-hydroxyethylacrylate (HEA). The kinetics of copolymerization has been studied and the reactivity ratios were determined. It was found that MADQUAT exhibits higher reactivity in copolymerization. The complexation between linear MADQUAT-HEA and linear poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) has been studied in aqueous solutions at different pH. It results in the formation of insoluble polyelectrolyte complexes, whose composition and stability to aggregate depends on MADQUAT content in copolymers and pH. The hydrogels were synthesized by three-dimensional radical copolymerization of MADQUAT and HEA in the presence of a crosslinker. The effects of the feed mixture composition on yield and swelling properties of the hydrogels were studied. The interactions of these hydrogels with linear PAA result in formation of gel-polyelectrolyte complexes and contraction of the samples. It was found that the contraction depends on copolymer composition, PAA molecular weight, and solution pH. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.