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The effects of paeonol on the electrophysiological properties of cardiac ventricular myocytes

Ma, Y.L., Bates, S. and Gurney, A.M. (2006) The effects of paeonol on the electrophysiological properties of cardiac ventricular myocytes. European Journal of Pharmacology, 545 (2-3). pp. 87-92. ISSN 0014-2999

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2006.06.064

Abstract/Summary

Previous studies have shown that "Mudanpi", a Chinese herbal medicine, has a significant cardioprotective effect against myocardial ischaemia. Based on these findings we hypothesised that paeonol, the main component of Mudanpi, might have an effect on the cellular electrophysiology of cardiac ventricular myocytes. The effects of paeonol on the action potential and ion channels of cardiac ventricular myocytes were studied using the standard whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Ventricular myocytes were isolated from the hearts of adult guinea-pig by enzymic dispersion. The myocytes were continuously perfused with various experimental solutions at room temperature and paeonol applied in the perfusate. Action potentials and membrane currents were recorded using both current and voltage clamp modes of the patch-clamp technique. Paeonol, at concentrations 160 mu M and 640 mu M, decreased the action potential upstroke phase, an action associated with the blockade of the voltage-gated, fast sodium channel. The effects of paeonol on both action potential and Na+ current were concentration dependent. Paeonol had a high affinity for inactivated sodium channels. Paeonol also shortened the action potential duration, in a manner not associated with the blockade of the calcium current, or the enhancement of potassium currents. These findings suggest that paeonol, and therefore Mudanpi, may possess antiarrhythmic activity, which may confer its cardioprotective effects. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy
ID Code:13695
Uncontrolled Keywords:paeonol, action potential, sodium current, ventricular myocyte, whole-cell patch-clamp, MEMBRANE CURRENTS, SODIUM-CHANNELS, RAT HEART, CELLS, MUSCLE, BLOCK, PUMP

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