Allosteric effects of antagonists on signalling by the chemokine receptor CCR5
Haworth, B., Lin, H., Fidock, M., Dorr, P. and Strange, P.G. (2007) Allosteric effects of antagonists on signalling by the chemokine receptor CCR5. Biochemical Pharmacology, 74 (6). pp. 891-897. ISSN 0006-2952
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.bcp.2007.06.032
Antagonists of the chemokine receptor, CCRS, may provide important new drugs for the treatment of HIV-1. In this study we have examined the mechanism of action of two functional antagonists of the chemokine receptor CCRS (UK-396,794, UK-438,235) in signalling and internalisation assays using CHO cells expressing CCR5. Both compounds were potent inverse agonists versus agonist-independent [S-3]GTP gamma S binding to membranes of CHO cells expressing CCR5. Both compounds also acted as allosteric inhibitors of CCL5 (RANTES) and CCL8 (MCP-2) -stimulated [S-35]GTP gamma S binding to CHO-CCR5 membranes, reducing the potency and maximal effects of the two chemokines. The data are consistent with effects of the allosteric inhibitors on both the binding and signalling of the chemokines. Both compounds inhibited CCR5 internalisation triggered by chemokines. When CHO-CCR5 cells were treated with either of the two compounds for prolonged periods of time (24 h) an increase (similar to 15%) in cell surface CCRS was detected. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved