Accessibility navigation


What is the function of nail biting: an analog assessment study

Williams, T. I., Rose, R. and Chisholm, S. (2007) What is the function of nail biting: an analog assessment study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45 (5). pp. 989-995. ISSN 0005-7967

Full text not archived in this repository.

To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2006.07.013

Abstract/Summary

Objective: To compare the frequency of nail biting in 4 settings (interventions) designed to elicit the functions of nail biting and to compare the results with a self-report questionnaire about the functions of nail biting. Design: Randomised allocation of participants to order of conditions. Setting: University Psychology Department. Subjects: Forty undergraduates who reported biting their nails. Interventions: Left alone (boredom), solving maths problems (frustration), reprimanded for nail biting (contingent attention), continuous conversation (noncontingent attention). Main Outcome measures: Number of times the undergraduates bit their nails. Results: Nail biting occurred most often in two conditions, boredom and frustration. Conclusion: Nail biting in young adults occurs as a result of boredom or working on difficult problems, which may reflect a particular emotional state. It occurs least often when people are engaged in social interaction or when they are reprimanded for the behavior. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences
ID Code:13810
Uncontrolled Keywords:nail biting, randomised controlled trial, functional analysis, undergraduates, habit disorder, COLLEGE-STUDENTS, PERSONAL HABITS, NERVOUS HABITS, BODY-ROCKING, SELF-INJURY, BEHAVIORS, POPULATION, VARIABLES, VALIDITY, CHILDREN

Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation