The cognitive neurochemistry of nicotine
Warburton, D.M. and Rusted, J.M. (2004) The cognitive neurochemistry of nicotine. Hellenic Journal of Psychology, 1 (1). pp. 34-55. ISSN 1790-1391
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The rational for this review is to provide a coherent formulation of the cognitive neurochemistry of nicotine, with the aim of suggesting research and clinical applications. The first part is a comprehensive review of the empirical studies of the enhancing effects of nicotine on information processing, especially those on attentional and mnemonic processing. Then, these studies are put in the context of recent studies on the neurochemistry of nicotine and cholinergic drugs, in general. They suggest a positive effect of nicotine on processes acting on encoded material during the post acquisition phase, the process of consolidation. Thus, the involvement of nicotinic receptors in mnemonic processing is modulation of the excitability of neurons in the hippocampal formation to enable associative processing.