The effect of Parkinson's disease on time estimation as a function of stimulus duration range and modality
Smith, J. G., Harper, D. N., Gittings, D. and Abernethy, D. (2007) The effect of Parkinson's disease on time estimation as a function of stimulus duration range and modality. Brain and Cognition, 64 (2). pp. 130-143. ISSN 0278-2626
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.bandc.2007.01.005
The present research sought to investigate the role of the basal ganglia in timing of sub- and supra-second intervals via an examination of the ability of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) to make temporal judgments in two ranges, 100-500 ms, and 1-5 s. Eighteen nondemented medicated patients with PD were compared with 14 matched controls on a duration-bisection task in which participants were required to discriminate auditory and visual signal durations within each time range. Results showed that patients with PD exhibited more variable duration judgments across both signal modality and duration range than controls, although closer analyses confirmed a timing deficit in the longer duration range only. The findings presented here suggest the bisection procedure may be a useful tool in identifying timing impairments in PD and, more generally, reaffirm the hypothesised role of the basal ganglia in temporal perception at the level of the attentionally mediated internal clock as well as memory retrieval and/or decision-making processes. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.