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Attentional bias in eating disorders

Shafran, R., Lee, M., Cooper, Z., Palmer, R.L. and Fairburn, C.G. (2007) Attentional bias in eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 40 (4). pp. 369-380. ISSN 0276-3478

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1002/eat.20375

Abstract/Summary

Objective: To examine the relationship between eating disorders and attentional biases. Method: The first study comprised 23 female patients with clinical eating disorders, women with high levels of anxiety (n = 19), and three female normal control groups comprising low (n = 31), moderate (n = 21), or high levels of shape concern (n 23). The second study comprised 82 women with clinical eating disorders and 44 healthy controls. All participants completed measures of eating disorder psychopathology and completed a modified pictorial dot-probe task. Results: In the first study, biases were found for negative eating and neutral weight pictures, and for positive eating pictures in women with eating disorders; these biases were greater than those found in anxious and normal controls. The second study replicated these findings and biases were also found for negative and neutral shape stimuli. Conclusion: It is concluded that future research should establish whether such biases warrant specific therapeutic interventions. (c) 2007 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences
ID Code:13872
Uncontrolled Keywords:attentional bias, eating disorders, dot probe task , BECK ANXIETY INVENTORY, EMOTIONAL FACES, SELECTIVE ATTENTION, COGNITIVE AVOIDANCE, PROCESSING BIASES, ANOREXIA-NERVOSA, SOCIAL ANXIETY, THREAT, SHAPE, INFORMATION

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