The BOLD response during Stroop task-like inhibition paradigms: effects of task difficulty and task-relevant modality
Mitchell, R. L. C. (2005) The BOLD response during Stroop task-like inhibition paradigms: effects of task difficulty and task-relevant modality. Brain and Cognition, 59 (1). pp. 23-37. ISSN 0278-2626
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.bandc.2005.04.001
Previous studies of the Stroop task propose two key mediators: the prefrontal and cingulate cortices but hints exist of functional specialization within these regions. This study aimed to examine the effect of task modality upon the prefrontal and cingulate response by examining the response to colour, number, and shape Stroop tasks whilst BOLD fMRI images were acquired on a Siemens 3 T MRI scanner. Behavioural analyses indicated facilitation and interference effects and a noticeable effect of task difficulty. Some modular effects of modality were observed in the prefrontal cortex that survived exclusion of task difficulty related activations. No effect of task-relevant information was observed in the anterior cingulate. Future comparisons of the mediation of selective attention need to consider the effects of task context and task difficulty. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.