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The relative success of recognition-based inference in multichoice decisions

McCloy, R., Beaman, C. P. and Smith, P. T. (2008) The relative success of recognition-based inference in multichoice decisions. Cognitive Science, 32 (6). pp. 1037-1048. ISSN 0364-0213

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1080/03640210802152319


The utility of an "ecologically rational" recognition-based decision rule in multichoice decision problems is analyzed, varying the type of judgment required (greater or lesser). The maximum size and range of a counterintuitive advantage associated with recognition-based judgment (the "less-is-more effect") is identified for a range of cue validity values. Greater ranges of the less-is-more effect occur when participants are asked which is the greatest of to choices (m > 2) than which is the least. Less-is-more effects also have greater range for larger values of in. This implies that the classic two-altemative forced choice task, as studied by Goldstein and Gigerenzer (2002), may not be the most appropriate test case for less-is-more effects.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences
ID Code:13946
Uncontrolled Keywords:psychology, decision making, heuristic, mathematical modeling, IGNORANCE, HEURISTICS, FRUGAL

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