Input and output modality effects in immediate serial recall
Harvey, A. J. and Beaman, C. P. (2007) Input and output modality effects in immediate serial recall. Memory, 15 (7). pp. 693-700. ISSN 0965-8211
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1080/09658210701644677
In immediate recall tasks, visual recency is substantially enhanced when output interference is low (Cowan, Saults, Elliott, & Moreno, 2002; Craik, 1969) whereas auditory recency remains high even under conditions of high output interference. Ibis auditory advantage has been interpreted in terms of auditory resistance to output interference (e.g., Neath & Surprenant, 2003). In this study the auditory-visual difference at low output interference re-emerged when ceiling effects were accounted for, but only with spoken output. With written responding the auditory advantage remained significantly larger with high than with low output interference. These new data suggest that both superior auditory encoding and modality-specific output interference contribute to the classic auditory-visual modality effect.