Assimilation and contrast to group primes: the moderating role of ingroup identification
Hall, N. R. and Crisp, R. J. (2008) Assimilation and contrast to group primes: the moderating role of ingroup identification. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44 (2). pp. 344-353. ISSN 0022-1031
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2007.07.007
This research examined the conditions under which behavioral contrast would be observed in relation to ingroup and outgroup primes. The authors tested the hypothesis that differing levels of commitment to the ingroup would predict diverging behavioral responses to outgroup but not ingroup primes. Across two studies, featuring both age and gender groups, we found that ingroup identification predicted responses to outgroup primes with higher identifiers showing an increased tendency to contrast, that is, behave less like the outgroup, and more like the ingroup. Ingroup identification did not predict responses to ingroup primes. The implications of these findings for social comparison and social identity theories are discussed. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.